Temur’s policy was very important in its time, but has
importance even now. Temur’s political views have great
importance in this transition period in Uzbekistan.
( Sh. M. Mirziyoyev )
In 1996 we celebrated the 660th anniversary of Amir Temur’s birth. Amir Temur became a great and famous man, as an any other great man he could say about his life: «My life is an interesting novel!»
He was born on April 9, 1336 in the village of Hojailgor near Shahrisabz. His father was rich man whose name was Amir Taragay. His mother Teguna was noble woman. So the son was well educated in their family. He was the leader of group of horseman and released his land and ruled it over. Temur said that a good king hasn’t time for the government. He must work for his people, because God set as rule them. It will always be my main job and I do want my people’s prosperity. He followed Islam and the rules of shariat and supported them. In his childhood he learned the Kuran by heart. He was teached Islamic lessons by his teacher Shax Shamsiddin. There were many wars in Temur’s epoch but it was the necessity of that time.Amir Temur built great monuments which are now the beauty of our country’s history. They are a mosque of Bibbi-honim, figurative gardens such as Gul- bog, Boghi-dilkusho in Samarkand. At Sohibkiran’s time Samarkand became one of the world cultural centres. Many famous poets in the East, such as Atoiy, Sakkokiy, Lutfiy were invited to Samarkand by Amir Temur. Sohibkiran also gathered a number of popular scientists. All of them created scientific works which had influenced to develop science not only in our country, but also all over the world. Really, Temurids were not only skillfully warriors, but they were good poets and scientists too. For example, Ulug’bek, one of the Temur’s grandson made many discoveries on mathematics and astronomy. He built the observatory in Samarkand with the help of which Samarkand became the biggest scientific centre of the world at that time.
There is a book «Temur’s Tuzuks» which describes Amir Temur’s life and became famous in the East and West and was translateted into several foreign languages. The reason the book became famous is that it includes ways to run a government, rules for organising an army and ways to win battles. This book was very important and useful to many kings and governors.
The Temurids’ Museum which was built in 1996, on the occasion of of the 660th anniversary of Amir Temur in Tashkent. The interior of the museum is round. The lobby has 18 columns and two ladders. Opposite the front entrance is the central wall the surface of which is 200 square metres, and covered with wall paintings. We can read the words «Birth», «Progress» and «Legacy». ( From the newspaper «Jahon» ( the World ), October, 1996 ).
The interaction of Amir Temur to each way, in education, government, military, policy and creating memorial buildings was the very important part of his life. He controlled the country and deal with the public’s problems by using the laws of shariat and Islam. His experiences came to these conclusions and they are noticed common as Amir Temur’s sayings:
- Speak the truth only, even if you are put to death.
- There is no power without unity.
3.Power is in the justice.
- Trust and justice save from trouble.
- The tongue is given to speak the truth.
- Only one man can be beaten with strength, but with knowledge a thousand.
- Even a snake will obey kind words.
The third year student of Kukaldosh secondary educational establishment.